Effecting more than 10% of people with periods, and sometimes causing infertility, Endometriosis is an often painful disorder in which tissue similar to the tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus — the endometrium — grows outside your uterus (Mayo Clinic 2019).
Endometriosis has been known to wreak havoc in the reproductive system, in severe cases fusing the ovaries, fallopian tubes, bladder and colon-rectal region together. Though rare, their have been documented cases of Endometriosis tissue found on the lungs.
The stage is based on the location, amount, depth & size of the endometrial tissue. This includes the spread of the endo tissue, the involvement of pelvic structures in the disease, the extent of pelvic adhesions & the blockage of fallopian tubes (JH2021).
Everyone's body may respond different to Endometriosis. Some well known documented symptoms include:
A diagnosis of endometriosis can only be certain, though, when the doctor performs a laparoscopy, biopsies any suspicious tissue and the diagnosis is confirmed by examining the tissue beneath a microscope. Laparoscopy is a minor surgical procedure in which a laparoscope, a thin tube with a camera at the end, is inserted into the abdomen through a small incision. Laparoscopy is also used to determine the location, extent and size of the endometrial growths (JH 2021).
Other examinations that may be used in the diagnosis of endometriosis include: